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Impex Section

1. Introduction

Impex Section deals with the matters related to import and export of wheat and rice (non-basmati) from/to the Central Pool Stocks. The Section also deals with the policy related  issues of export/import of wheat and rice (non-basmati) pertaining to the Central Pool Stock maintained by FCI. The Section also monitors international prices of wheat and rice on the basis of the data provided by IGC/Agri-watch and DGCIS. It also collects and compiles the data regarding export and import of wheat and rice.

2.     Imports


2.1   Wheat


2.1.1 Policy

The import of wheat is not restricted.


2.1.2 Duty Structure  

As per Govt. of India’s Gazette Notification No. 13/2019 dated 26th April, 2019, the import duty on wheat is 40%.


2.1.3 Quantity of Import

In Order to meet the shortfall in the Central Pool stocks, a quantity of 54.54 lakh tons of wheat imported way back in 2006-07 and 17.69 lakh tons in 2007-08.

No import of wheat has been made for the Central Pool since 2008-09.


2.2     Rice


2.2.1  Policy

Import of Genetically modified (GM) Rice is restricted. Import of Rice into India is permitted only if the importer is able to furnish a certificate from competent Government authority of the country of export that the rice exported by them is non-GM.


2.2.2  Duty Structure

Import duty on non-basmati rice is at basic tariff of 70%.


2.2.3  Quantity of Import

Since 2000-2001, no rice has been imported for the Central Pool stock.


3.     Exports


3.1   Wheat


3.1.1 Policy

Free export of wheat has been allowed to private parties out of privately held stocks through Electronic Data Interface (EDI) enabled ports with effect from 09.09.2011.


3.1.2 Duty Structure

The present rate of export duty is NIL.


3.1.3 Quantity of Export  

The details of Quantity of wheat issued from the Central Pool for export purposes from the year 2011-2012 onwards are as under:

 (Qty. in Lakh MT)

Sl. No.

Year

Quantity of wheat

1

2011-2012

1.00*

2

2012-2013

29.48

3

2013-2014

26.73#

4

2014-2015

3.27

5

2015-2016

0

6

2016-2017

0

7

2017-2018

1.10*

8

2018-2019

0

9

2019-20

0.01984*

10

2020-21

0.75*

11

2021-22

0.1*

* Export on humanitarian grounds through MEA.

#  During 2012-13 and 2013-14, a total 1.50 lakh MT of wheat was exported on humanitarian ground through MEA.

Further, country wise and year wise quantity of Wheat exported from Central Pool Stocks under Government of India’s Aid/ Donation Programme to other Countries as Humanitarian food assistance -

SNo.

Year

Country

Quantity (in Tons)

1

2011-2012

Afghanistan

1,00,000

2

2013-2014

Afghanistan

1,50,000

3

2017-2018

Afghanistan

1,10,000

4

2019-2020

DPR Korea

1,584

5

2020-2021

Afghanistan

75,000

6

2021-2022

Afghanistan

10020

3.2     Rice


3.2.1  Policy

Free export of rice has been allowed to private parties out of privately held stocks through Electronic Data Interface (EDI) enabled ports with effect from 09.09.2011.


3.2.2 Duty Structure

The present rate of Export Duty is Nil.


3.2.3 Quantity of Export

The details of Quantity of Rice issued from the central pool for export purposes from the year 2011 onward are as under:

(quantity in Lakh MT)

SNo.

Year

Qty. of Rice

1

2011-2012

0

2

2012-2013

0.024*

3

2013-2014

0

4

2014-2015

0.005*

5

2015-2016

0.001*

6

2016-2017

0.20**

7

2017-2018

0.21*

8

2018-2019

0

9

2019-2020

0.006*

10

2020-2021

0.02#

0.02*

11

2021-22 (till 01.08.2021)

0.025*

* Export on humanitarian grounds through MEA

** Export on Government to Government basis

#  Supplied from SAARC Food Bank Reserve through MEA.

Further, country-wise and year-wise quantity of Rice (non-basmati) exported from Central Pool Stocks under Government of India’s Aid/ Donation Programme to other Countries as Humanitarian food assistance 

SNo.

Year

Country

Quantity (in Tons)

1

2012-13

Republic of Yemen

2447.202

2

2014-15

Zimbabwe

500.017

3

2015-16

Myanmar

100.157

4

2017-18

Sri Lanka

100

5

2017-18

Zimbabwe

500

6

2017-18

Lesotho

500

7

2017-18

Namibia

1,000

8

2019-2020

Madagascar

600

9

2020-2021

Bhutan

2,000#

10

2020-21

Madagascar

1,000

11

2020-21

Comoros

1,000

12

2021-22

Timor Leste

2,000

13

2021-22

Mozambique

500

#  Supplied from SAARC Food Bank Reserve through MEA.