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B. Exports

1. Wheat


1.1 Policy

Free export of wheat has been allowed to private parties out of privately held stocks through Electronic Data Interface (EDI) enabled ports with effect from 09.09.2011.


1.2 Duty Structure

The present rate of export duty is NIL.


1.3 Quantity of Export

The details of Quantity of Wheat issued from the central pool for export purposes from the year 2000-2001 onward are as under:

(In lakh Tons)

#E$tab_1

1.* Export on humanitarian grounds through MEA

2.#During 2012-13 and 2013-14 total 1.50 lakh MT of wheat was exported on humanitarian ground through MEA


Further, country wise and year wise quantity of Wheat exported from Central Pool Stocks under Government of India’s Aid/ Donation Programme to other Countries as Humanitarian food assistance -

#E$tab_4


2. Rice


2.1 Policy

Free export of rice has been allowed to private parties out of privately held stocks through EDI enabled ports with effect from 09.09.2011.


2.2 Duty Structure

The present rate of Export Duty is Nil.

2.3 Quantity of Export

The details of Quantity of Rice issued from the central pool for export purposes from the year 2000 onward are as under:

(In Lakh Tons)

#E$tab_2

* Export on humanitarian grounds through MEA.

** Export on Government to Government basis

Further, country wise and year wise quantity of Rice exported from Central Pool Stocks under Government of India’s Aid/ Donation Programme to other Countries as Humanitarian food assistance -

#E$tab_3

3. Sugar



3.1 Policy

Sugar is an essential Commodity. Its sales, delivery from mills, and distribution were regulated by the Government under EC Act, 1955. Till 15.01.1997, the exports of sugar were being carried out under the provisions of the sugar export promotion Act, 1958, through the notified export agencies, viz. Indian Sugar & General Industry Export Import Corporation Ltd. (ISGIEIC) and State Trading Corporation of India Ltd. (STC).

Through an Ordinance, the Sugar Export Promotion Act, 1958, was repealed w.e.f. 15th January, 1997 and thus the export of sugar was decanalised. Under decanalised regime, the export of sugar was being carried out through the Agricultural and processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), under Ministry of Commerce. Thereafter, the sugar export was undertaken by the various sugar mills/merchant exporters, after obtaining the export release orders from the Directorate of Sugar.

During the surplus phase of 2006-07 and 2007-08 sugar seasons, the sugar exports were permitted without release orders vide notification dated 31.07.2007. Subsequently, the necessity of obtaining release order was reintroduced from 01.01.2009, as country entered the down swing phase of sugar production. Further, due to surplus production during 2010-11 sugar season, Government permitted exports under OGL on the strength of the release order.



3.2 Duty Structure

The phase of surplus production continued and the Government vide Notification No. 1059(E) dated 11.05.2012 has again dispensed with the requirement of export release orders. Thereafter, the export of sugar was allowed free subject to prior registration of quantity with DGFT. Subsequently, w.e.f. 07th September, 2015, the requirement for prior registration (RC) was dispensed. Due to expected drop in sugar production during 2016-17 sugar season, as per current policy, export of sugar under OGL is free subjected to payment of 20% custom duty w.e.f. 16th June, 2016. Now the Central Government has withdrawn customs duty on export of sugar to encourage sugar industry to start exploring possibility of export of sugar.



3.3 Quantity of Export

As per information published by DGCIS, Kolkata, the export of sugar from sugar season 2010-11 onwards is given below:

#E$tab_5


4. Edible Oil



4.1 Policy

In order to ensure availability of edible oil in the country, export of edible oil has been banned w.e.f. 17.03.2008, which was extended from time to time. With effect from 06.02.2015, export of ricebran oil in bulk has been permitted. With effect from 27.03.2017, export of groundnut oil, sesame oil, soyabean oil and maize (corn) oil has been permitted. With effect from 06.04.2018, export of all edible oils except mustard oil was made free without quantitative ceiling; pack size etc, till further orders. Export of mustard oil is permitted in packs of up to 5 Kg with a Minimum Export Price (MEP) of USD 900 per MT.

4.2 Duty Structure

Except for Mustard Oil, Export of edible oils is permitted without any restrictions.





4.3 Quantity on Export

EXPORT OF EDIBLE OILS during April – March year-wise:
(Qty in Lakh Tons)
#E$tab_6

Source: DGCIS