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A. Imports


1. Wheat

1.1 Policy

The Import of wheat is free.


1.2 Duty Structure

The import duty on wheat was reduced from 50% to 5% on 28.06.2006. Thereafter, the following changes in Import Duty on wheat have been taken place:

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1.3 Quantity of Import

  1. In Order to meet the shortfall in the Central Pool, a quantity of 54.54 lakh tons of wheat imported in 2006-07 and 17.69 lakh tons in 2007-08.
  2. No import of wheat has been made for the Central Pool since 2008-09.


2. Rice

2.1 Policy

 Import of Genetically modified (GM) Rice is restricted. Import of Rice into India is permitted only if the importer is able to furnish a certificate from competent Government authority of the country of export that the rice exported is non-GM.


2.2 Duty Structure

  1. Import duty was ZERO from 01.03.2008 to 30.03.2009.
  2. Import duty was imposed at basic custom tariff of 70% ad-valorem on semi-milled or wholly milled rice w.e.f 31.03.2009.
  3. Import duty on rice reduced to NIL w.e.f. 14.10.2009 and upto 30.09.2011.
  4. Import duty on non-basmati rice is at basic tariff of 70% w.e.f. 01.10.2011.

2.3 Quantity of Import

Since 2000-2001 no rice was imported for the Central Pool stock.


3. Sugar

3.1 Policy

 Sugar is an essential Commodity. Its sales, delivery from mills, and distribution were regulated by the Government under EC Act, 1955.


3.2 Duty Structure

Import of sugar, which was placed under Open General License (OGL) with zero duty in March, 1994, continued with zero duty upto 27.04.1999. The Government imposed a basic customs duty of 5% and a countervailing duty of Rs. 850.00 per tonne on imported sugar with effect from 28.04.1998. The basic custom duty was increased from 5% to 20% w.e.f. 14.04.1999 in addition to the countervailing duty. In the Union Budget for the year 1999-2000, duty on imported sugar was further increased from 20% to 25% with surcharge of 10% . the customs duty on imports of sugar was again increased to 40% on 30.12.1999 and 60% on 09.02.2000 along with continuance of countervailing duty of Rs. 950/- per ton (w.e.f. 01.03.2008) plus 3% education cess.

Sugar production in the sugar season 2008-09 had been declined and in order to augment the domestic stock of sugar, the Central Government has allowed import of raw sugar at zero duty under Open General License (OGL) w.e.f. 17.04.2009 which was applicable till 30.06.2012. Thereafter, a moderate duty of 10% was re-imposed w.e.f. 13.07.2012 which was subsequently increased to 15% w.e.f. 08.07.2013. Due to surplus stocks of sugar in the country and in order to check any possible imports, the Government increased the import duty from 15% to 25 % on 21.08.2014, which was subsequently increased to 40% w.e.f. 30.04.2015, which was subsequently increased to 50% w.e.f. 10.07.2017.Further, it was increased from 50%to 100% w.e.f. 06.02.2018.


3.3 Quantity of Import

As per information published by DGCIS, Kolkata, the import of sugar from sugar season 2010-11 onwards is given below:

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4. Edible Oil

4.1 Policy

 Import of edible oil is under Open General License.


4.2 Data Structure

Name of Oils

Rates of Import Duty . Effective Dates

Crude Palm Oil

0%

(17/03/12)

2.5%

(23/01/13)

2.5%

(23/01/13)

7.5%

(24/12/14)

12.5%

(17/09/15)

7.5%

(23/09/16)

15%

(11/08/17)

30%

(17/11/17)

44%

(01/03/18)

40%

(01/1/19)

RBD Palmolein

7.5%

(17/03/12)

7.5%

(17/03/12)

10%

(20/01/14)

15%

(24/12/14)

20%

(17/09/15)

15%

(23/09/16)

25%

(11/08/17)

40%

(17/11/17)

54%

(01/03/18)

50% (IND)

45%(MAL)

(01/1/19)

Crude Soyabean Oil

0%

(17/03/12)

2.5%

(23/01/13)

2.5%

(23/01/13)

7.5%

(24/12/14)

12.5%

(17/09/15)

12.5%

(17/09/15)

17.5%

(11/08/17)

30%

(11/08/17)

35%

(14/06/18)

Refined Soyabean Oil

7.5%

(17/03/12)

7.5%

(17/03/12)

10%

(20/01/14)

15%

(24/12/14

20%

(17/09/15

20%

(17/09/15

20%

(11/08/17)

35%

(17/11/17)

45%

(14/06/18)

Crude Sunflower Oil

0%

(17/03/01)

2.5%

(23/01/13)

2.5%

(23/01/13)

7.5%

(24/12/14)

12.5%

(17/09/15)

12.5%

(17/09/15)

17.5%

(11/08/17)

30%

(17/11/17)

35%

(14/06/18)

Refined Sunflower Oil

7.5%

(17/03/12)

7.5%

(17/03/12)

10%

(20/01/14)

15%

(24/12/14)

20%

(17/09/15)

20%

(17/09/15)

20%

(17/09/15)

35%

(17/11/14)

45%

(14/06/18)

Crude Rapeseed oil

0%

(17/03/12)

2.5%

(23/01/13)

2.5%

(23/01/13)

7.5%

(24/12/14)

12.5%

(17/09/15)

12.5%

(17/09/15)

12.5%

(17/09/15)

25%

(17/11/17)

35%

(14/06/18)

Refined Rapeseed oil

7.5%

(17/03/12)

7.5%

(17/03/12)

10%

(20/01/14)

15%

(24/12/14)

20%

(17/09/15)

20%

(17/09/15)

20%

(17/09/15)

35%

(17/11/17)

45%

(14/06/18)

Others

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Crude-30% ref-35%-

(02/02/18)

Crude-35% ref-45%

(14/06/2018)

Source:-As notified by Department of Revenue.


4.3 Quantity of Import

(Quantity in MMT)

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* Ministry of Agriculture

** Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence & Statistics (Ministry of Commerce)

# Based on Final Estimates (declared by Ministry of Agriculture on 27.02.2018).

## Based on 4th Advance Estimates (declared by Ministry of Agriculture on 28.08.2018).