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Mechanism for Procurement

 

Procurement of foodgrains is done through  Centralized Procurement System and Decentralized Procurement System. 

 

Centralized Procurement System

 

Under Centralized Procurement System, the procurement of foodgrains in Central Pool are undertaken either by FCI directly or State Government agencies procures the foodgrains and handover the stocks to FCI for storage and subsequent issue against GOI allocations in the same State or movement of surplus stocks to other States. The cost of the foodgrains procured by State agencies is reimbursed by FCI as soon as the stocks are delivered to FCI as per cost-sheets issued by GOI.

 

Decentralized Procurement System (DCP)

 

The scheme of Decentralized Procurement of foodgrains was introduced by the Government in 1997-98 with a view to enhancing the efficiency of procurement and PDS and encouraging local procurement to the maximum extent thereby extending the benefits of MSP to local farmers as well as to save on transit costs. This also enables procurement of foodgrains more suited to the local taste.Under this scheme, the State Government itself undertakes direct purchase of paddy/rice and wheat and also stores and distributes these foodgrains under NFSA and other welfare schemes. The Central Government undertakes to meet the entire expenditure incurred by the State Governments on the procurement operations as per the approved costing. The Central Government also monitors the quality of foodgrains procured under the scheme and reviews the arrangements made to ensure that the procurement operations are carried smoothly.

 At present following States are under DCP system :-

 

S.N.

State/UT

DCP adopted for

1.

A&N Islands

Rice

2.

Bihar

Rice/Wheat

3.

Chhattisgarh

Rice/Wheat

4.

Gujarat

Rice/Wheat

5.

Karnataka

Rice

6.

Kerala

Rice

7.

Madhya Pradesh

Rice/Wheat

8.

Odisha

Rice

9.

Tamil Nadu

Rice

10.

Uttarakhand

Rice/Wheat

11.

West Bengal

Rice/Wheat

12.

Punjab

Wheat

13.

Rajasthan ( in 9 District)*

Wheat

14.

Andhra Pradesh

Rice

15.

Telangana

Rice

16.

Maharashtra

Rice

17.

Jharkhand (6 District)

Rice

                                                        *Exempted for RMS 2017-18 and 2018-19 only.