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OIL DIVISION

About Us

It seeks to coordinate management of edible oils in the country through a multi-pronged strategy, namely, (i) assessment of the domestic demand for edible oils and its availability from domestic sources. Mismatch of demand and supply is met through import of edible oils so as to maintain their prices at reasonable level; (ii) It also closely monitors prices of edible oils both in the domestic and in the international market and initiate necessary policy measures whenever necessary. The Division compiles the production of edible oil on the basis of online submission of data by vegetable oil industries registered with the Directorate. The monthly production data of edible oils is transmitted to M/O Statistics & PI for compilation of monthly Index of Industrial Production (IIP) which is released on 12th of every month. The Division is staffed with qualified technical people who assist the Ministry in the coordinated management of Vegetable Oils particularly relating to production/availability and monitoring of prices.

Description: sugar

Edible Oil Scenario

Importance of Edible Oils in the Country’s Economy

Oilseeds and edible oils are two of the most sensitive essential commodities. India is one of the largest producer of oilseeds in the world and this sector occupies an important position in the agricultural economy, accounting for the estimated production of36.56 million tons of nine cultivated oilseeds during the year 2020-21(November-October) as per 3rd Advance Estimates released by the Ministry of Agriculture on 25.05.2021.

Types of Oils commonly in use in India

India is fortunate in having a wide range of oilseeds crops grown in its different agro climatic zones. Groundnut, mustard.rapeseed, sesame, safflower, linseed, nigerseed.castor are the major traditionally cultivated oilseeds. Soyabean and sunflower have also assumed importance in recent years. Coconut is most important amongst the plantation crops. Efforts are being made to grow oil palm in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and North- Eastern parts of the country in addition to Kerala and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Among the non-conventional oils, rice bran oil and cottonseed oil are the most important. In addition, oilseeds of tree and forest origin, which grow mostly in tribal inhabited areas, are also a significant source of oils. Figures pertaining to estimated production of major cultivated oilseeds, availability of edible oils from all domestic sources (from Domestic and Import Sources) during the last ten years and current year are as under: -

( Quantity in lakh Tons)

Oil Year (Nov.- Oct.)

Production of Oilseeds*

Net availability of edible oils from all domestic sources

Imports**

Total Availability of Edible Oils

2010-11

324.79

97.82

72.42

170.24

2011-12

297.98

89.57

99.43

189.00

2012-13

309.43

92.19

106.05

198.24

2013-14

328.79

100.80

109.76

210.56

2014-15

266.75

89.78

127.31

217.09

2015-16

252.50

86.30

148.50

234.80

2016-17

312.76

100.99

153.17

254.16

2017-18

314.59

103.80

145.92

249.72

2018-19

315.22

103.52

155.70

259.22

2019-20

332.19

106.55

134.16

240.71

2020-21#

365.65

113.09

74.40 (Nov-May 21)

-

* Ministry of Agriculture

** Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence & Statistics (Ministry of Commerce)

# Based on 3rd Advance Estimates (declared by Ministry of Agriculture on 25.05.2021).

Consumption Pattern of Edible Oils in India

India is a vast country and inhabitants of several of its regions have developed specific preference for certain oils largely depending upon the oils available in the region. For example, people in the South and West prefer groundnut oil while those in the East and North use mustard.rapeseed oil. Likewise several pockets in the South have a preference for coconut and sesame oil. Inhabitants of northern plain are basically consumers of fats and therefore prefer Vanaspati, a term used to denote a partially hydrogenated edible oil mixture of oils like soyabean, sunflower, ricebran and cottonseed oils. Many new oils from oilseeds of tree and forest origin have found their way to the edible pool largely through vanaspati route. Of late, things have changed. Through modern technological means such as physical refining, bleaching and de-odorization, all oils have been rendered practically colorless, odorless and tasteless and therefore, have become easily interchangeable in the kitchen. Oils such as soyabean oil, cottonseed oil, sunflower oil, rice bran oil, palm oil and its liquid fraction- palmolein which were earlier not known have now entered the kitchen. The share of raw oil, refined oil and vanaspati in the total edible oil market is estimated roughly at 35%, 60% and 5% respectively. About 56 % of domestic demand of edible oils is met through imports out of which palm oil/palmolein constitutes about 54%. The consumption of refined palmolein (RBD palmolein) as well as its blending with other oils has increased substantially over the years and is used extensively in hotels, restaurants and in preparation of wide varieties of food products.

Major Features of Edible Oil Economy

There are two major features, which have significantly contributed to the development of this sector. One was the setting up of the Technology Mission on Oilseeds in 1986 which has been converted into a National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) in 2014.As per a decision regarding merger/ conversions or linkage of Schemes/ sub-Schemes/ programmes, etc. having similar components such as incentive for seed, demonstration, and farm implements including efficient water application tools covered under NFSM and Oil seeds was merged under revamped NFSM from the year 2018-19.

This gave a thrust to Government's efforts for augmenting the production of oilseeds. This is evident by the very impressive increase in the production of oilseeds from about 11.3 million tons in 1986-87 to 33.22 million tons in 2019-20. Most of the oilseeds are cultivated on marginal land and are dependent on rainfall and other climatic conditions. The other dominant feature which has had significant impact on the present status of edible oilseeds/oil industry has been the program of liberalization under which the Government's economic policy allowing greater freedom to the open market and encourages healthy competition and self regulation rather than protection and control. Controls and regulations have been relaxed resulting in a highly competitive market dominated by both domestic and multinational players

Export Import Policy on Edible Oils

The country has to rely on imports to meet the gap between demand and supply. Import of edible oils is under Open General License (OGL). In order to harmonize the interests of farmers, processors and consumers, Government reviews the duty structure of edible oils from time to time. With effect from 14.06.2018, the import duty on all crude and refined edible oils, except Palm oil and Olive oil was raised to 35% and 45% respectively while the import duty on Olive oil was increased to 40%. With effect from 01.01.2020, the import duty on Crude and Refined Palm Oil was revised to 37.5% and 45% respectively. With effect from 08.01.2020, import policy of Refined Palm Oil is amended from ‘free’ to ‘Restricted’ category. With effect from 27.11.2020, the import duty on crude palm oil was revised from 37.5% to 27.5%.

As per Union Budget 2021-22, the basic custom duty on Crude Palm Oil has been reduced from 27.5% to 15% and that on Crude Soyabean Oil and Crude Sunflower Oil from 35 % to 15 %. An agri-cess of 17.5 % has been imposed on Crude Palm Oil and 20 % on both Crude Soyabean and Crude Sunflower Oil. With this, the effective rate of duty on Crude Palm Oil has increased from 30.25% to 35.75%. In case of Crude Soyabean and Crude Sunflower Oil, the effective rate of duty remains the same i.e. 38.5%.

In order to ensure availability of edible oil in the country, export of edible oil has been banned w.e.f. 17.03.2008, which was extended from time to time. With effect from 06.02.2015, export of ricebran oil in bulk has been permitted. With effect from 27.03.2017, export of groundnut oil,sesame oil, soyabean oil and maize (corn) oil has been permitted. With effect from 06.04.2018, export of all edible oils except mustard oil was made free without quantitative ceiling; pack size etc, till further orders. Export of mustard oil is permitted in packs of up to 5 Kg with a Minimum Export Price (MEP) of USD 900 per MT.

E-GOVERNANCEINITIATIVES

In order to improve and systemize the data management system in the vegetable oil sector, the Directorate of Sugar & Vegetable Oils under Department of Food and Public Distribution has developed a web based platform (evegoils.nic.in) for online submission of inputs by vegetable oil producers on monthly basis. This has helped the Government to take prompt and informed policy decisions for better management of vegetable oil sector. The new system also provides transparency in the data management of the vegetable oil industry as well as Government’s working. The portal also provides window for online registration and submission of monthly production returns.

Status of the Vegetable Oil Industry (as on 22.06.2021)


Vegetable Oil Industries registered under VOPPA(R) Order, 2011, with the Directorate

Type of Industry

No. of Units Registered

  1. Vanaspati, Interestified Vegetable Fats

109

  1. Refinery along with Solvent Plant & Oil Mills.

235

  1. Oil Mill & Blended Edible Vegetable Oil.

493

  1. Solvent Extraction Units

130

Total

967