• Page last updated on: 29 November 2023
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Food Corporation Accounts

The Central Government extends price support for paddy, coarse grains and wheat through the FCI and State Agencies. All the food grains conforming to the prescribed specification offered for sale at specified centres are bought by the public procurement agencies at the Minimum Support Price (MSP). The food grains so procured are allocated to the States for distribution to the identified beneficiaries under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) and other Welfare Schemes at subsidized prices. The difference between the economic cost of food grains and Issue Prices is incurred by the Central Government as consumer subsidy. In addition to procuring food grains for meeting the requirements of the TPDS and welfare schemes, the Central Government is also under obligation to procure food grains for meeting the requirements of the buffer stock to ensure food security of the country. Hence, a portion of total food subsidy also goes towards meeting the carrying cost of the buffer stock as buffer subsidy.

Consumer Subsidy

Till October, 1997, Government of India conducted its operations for procurement and distribution to the States through the Food Corporation of India. The difference between the economic cost and the Central issue Prices/average sales realization is reimbursed to the FCI in the form of consumer subsidy.

The Scheme of Decentralized Procurement of food grains was introduced by the Government in 1997-98 with a view to effecting savings in the form of reduction in the outgo of food subsidy, enhancing the efficiency of procurement and PDS and encouraging local procurement to the maximum extent thereby extending the benefits of MSP to local farmers. States like Andman & Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Kerala, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Orissa, Punjab, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand, have undertaken Decentralized Procurement Scheme. The economic cost of procurement, storage and distribution of food grains by the State Governments is fixed by the Government of India in consultation with the State Governments, and the difference between the economic cost so fixed and the Central Issue Prices under various welfare schemes is reimbursed to the States as food subsidy. The Government of India is encouraging other States also to adopt the scheme.

Release of Food Subsidy

(i) For FCI: Advance Subsidy is released to the FCI on quarterly basis in the first month of the quarter @ 95 % of the total admissible claims submitted by the FCI on the basis of the estimated offtake during the next quarter. The estimated offtake is to be calculated on the basis of offtake during the latest three months. This advance subsidy is adjusted against provisional subsidy released after the end of the year for the actual offtake. Balance 5% subsidy is released after submission of the claims by the FCI on the basis of final audited accounts.

(ii) For DCP States: To the States that have adopted Decentralized Procurement (DCP)System Advance quarterly subsidy is released to the DCP States @ 90 % of the State’s admissible claim for the estimated offtake for the next quarter to be calculated on the basis of past offtake for the last two quarters. Provisional subsidy is also released to the State Govts. after the end of the quarter. While releasing provisional subsidy to the States 100% of fixed cost and 95% of the variable cost of the cost incurred by the States are released to them. Balance 5% of variable costs is to be released after the finalization of the economic cost on the basis of Audited accounts of the States.

Buffer Subsidy

The Food Corporation of India has to maintain a part of stocks of procured food grains in the form of buffer as a measure of food security to guard against situations of scarcity of food grains and also to enable the Government to intervene effectively and positively to stabilize prices in time of undue increase in the market. Carrying charges for buffer, comprising elements like freight, storage and interest charges, are also reimbursed to the FCI in the form of carrying cost of buffer, as an element of total food subsidy.

Fixation of procurement and distribution incidentals

Several State Governments are involved in the procurement operations of foodgrains (rice, wheat and coarsegrains) either through their Departments or through their Agencies on behalf of the FCI for delivery to the Central Pool or for their own requirement under the Decentralised Procurement Scheme. Before commencement of the marketing season for the procurement of foodgrains, the State Governments forward their proposals to the Government of India (GOI) for fixation of provisional acquisition/economic cost of the foodgrains, as the case may be. These provisional costs are finalized after submission of audited accounts of agencies by the concerned State Govt. In order to introduce an element of transparency in the methodology of fixing of these costs, the Department had issued the ‘principles’ for fixing these costs. These principles have been revised from time to time by the Deptt. The State Governments are advised to base their proposals for arriving at the acquisition cost/economic cost on these "principles”. The GOI scrutinizes the proposals based on these "principles” and concurrence to the same is conveyed accordingly.

Finalization of incidentals/economic cost of foodgrains in consultation with Procurement Incidental (PI) Cell.

Provisional incidentals/ economic cost of foodgrains (rice, wheat and coarsegrains) are finalized in consultation with ‘Procurement Incidental (PI) Cell’ after scrutiny of the proposals of the State Governments along with audited accounts for each crop of Kharif Marketing Season (KMS) and Rabi Marketing Season (RMS) in consultation with Food Corporation of India (FCI). Before finalizing the cost, States are given opportunity to give their comments on the proposed final rates and if desired by the States a meeting with States is also held to sort out the disputes.

Procurement Incidentals and Subsidy Claim Appraisal System (PICAS):

The Department has developed PICAS portal for online processing of Provisional Cost Sheets (PCS), Finalization of Cost Sheets, processing of advance provisional and final food subsidy claims. The online processing of PCS and submission of claims for advance and provisional food subsidy has been implemented from 1.04.2019 and onward.